To analyze demographic, health standing, and you can comorbidity differences when considering schizophrenia caregivers, and non-caregiver regulation, and you will between schizophrenia caregivers, and other caregivers, bivariate analyses was performed.
Covariates indexed a lot more than (class and you may fitness functions) were registered to your a single logistic regression model so you can predict providing care and attention so you’re able to a grown-up patient with schizophrenia compared to. perhaps not providing care. Another separate logistic regression design is actually cost predict providing worry to an adult diligent with schizophrenia vs. men and women taking take care of people with a disorder except that schizophrenia. Schizophrenia caregivers were paired so you’re able to low-caregiver and other caregiver respondents toward inclination score by using the “greedy” matching algorithm . A-1:dos coordinating proportion is followed, for every schizophrenia caregiver is actually paired in order to a couple low-caregiver manage respondents and you can by themselves so you can several caregivers regarding almost every other standards. Post-fits, differences between this type of communities was basically re-tested to ensure adequate matching. Also, the brand new coordinating was restricted to ensure all the matches was in fact within this per 5EU country.
Differences on HRQoL, and self-reported comorbidities were examined post-matching to quantify the burden of schizophrenia caregiving as a function of humanistic outcomes. Chi-square and ANOVA tests were used to test for statistical differences across i) those providing care for an adult relative with schizophrenia vs. those not providing care for an adult relative and ii) those providing care for an adult relative with schizophrenia vs. those providing care for an adult relative with a condition other than schizophrenia. Statistical significance was set at 2-tailed p <0.05.
A total of 398 schizophrenia caregivers, 158,989 non-caregivers controls and you may 14,341 caregivers regarding most other requirements was basically known through 5EU NHWS across 2010, 2011 and you will 2013. Inside full test off 173,728 people over the 5EU, twenty-five.4 % had been into the France, twenty-five.step 3 % into the Germany, 25.6 % in the united kingdom, 14.0 % in Italy, and you can nine.six % for the The country of spain.
Schizophrenia caregivers against. non-caregivers
The average age of schizophrenia caregivers was 45.3 years (SD = 15.8 years), 59.6 % were female, 52.5 % were currently employed, and 14.8 % reported an income of ? ˆ50,000/??40,000. Before matching, schizophrenia caregivers compared with non-caregivers, were more likely to be female (59.6 % vs. 51.4 %), less likely to be married/living with partner (57.4 % vs. 62.8 %), reported lower annual household income, were less likely to be employed (52.5 % vs. 57.7 %), more likely to currently smoke (36.7 % vs. 26.1 %), and reported greater comorbidity burden via the CCI, all p <0.05. No statistically significant differences on age, education level, BMI, alcohol use, and exercise behaviors were found between the two groups (see Table 1).
After propensity matching, schizophrenia caregivers were more likely to report experiencing sleep difficulties (42.7 % vs. 28.5 %), insomnia (32.4 % vs. 18.5 %), pain (39.7 % vs. 30.4 %), headaches (48.0 % vs. 42.0 %), heartburn (31.7 % vs. 22.9 %), anxiety (37.9 % vs. 23.6 %), and depression (29.4 % vs. 19.4 %) in the past 12 months than non-caregivers, all p <0.05. Based on the PHQ-9, schizophrenia caregivers reported greater severity of depressive symptoms than non-caregivers (p <0.001). Schizophrenia caregivers were also more likely to currently be using a prescription medication to treat depression (17.6 % vs. 8.2 %, p <0.001) than non-caregiver controls. Schizophrenia caregivers reported significantly lower MCS (40.3 vs. 45.9), PCS (46.8 vs. 49.0), and health utility (0.64 vs. 0.71), compared with non-caregivers (all p <0.001) (see Table 2).
Schizophrenia vs. other caregivers
Before propensity matching, https://datingranking.net/dog-dating/ schizophrenia caregivers compared with caregivers of other conditions, were younger (45.3 vs. 49.1 years), less likely to be married/living with a partner (57.4 % vs. 68.1 %), had lower annual household income, were more likely to currently smoke (36.7 % vs. 29.2 %), and reported greater comorbidity burden, all p <0.05. No statistically significant differences on gender, education level, employment status, BMI, alcohol use, and exercise behaviors were found between the two groups (see Table 3).